Haemorrhoids or piles are swollen veins in the rectum due to a restricted local blood supply and congestion in the pelvic cavity. Occasionally they may protrude externally, and can give rise to bleeding especially with a bowel movement. Piles can occur during pregnancy due to the increased pressure, but are often associated with chronic constipation when frequent straining to empty the bowels causes extra pressure on the veins.
Home remedies for Haemorrhoids
Aromatherapy - Using aromatherapy oils in Haemorrhoids such as Cypress or Juniper in the bath can help to stimulate pelvic circulation; also adding a couple of drops of either to a bowl of cool water and then using this for a compress may help too. Massage of the abdomen with a 2 per cent dilution of oils of Marjoram or Rosemary can help ease constipation and relieve haemorrhoids.
Herbalism - Local treatment can help to astringe and tone the swollen veins. Use commercial creams made with extract of Pilewort (Ranunculus ficaria), Horse Chestnut (Aesculus bippocastanum) or Marigold (Calendula officinalis), or use a compress of distilled Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana); the tincture is much more astringent, if available use this diluted at the rate of 15 ml (1 tbsp) to a small bowl of warm water.
Prolong bleeding from piles can eventually lead to anaemia. Drinking Nettle (Vrtica dioica) tea may relieve this, but take steps to avoid constipation too.
Homeopathy - Some possible remedies are:
AESCULUS: for a dry itching and stinging sensation, and a tendency for the veins to prolapsed and protrude externally.
HAMAMELIS: for a burning soreness, often with bleeding.
SULPHUR : for hot, burning and itching in the anus; the pains are made worse by standing and better when lying.
Naturopathy - Practitioners in all of the therapies are likely to give dietary advice, and it is sensible to ensure you eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruit to give adequate fibre and ease constipation, see also Constipation.
Hot and cold compresses or even hot/cold baths will improve local circulation and reduce congestion; ice packs may be useful to reduce swelling at times. Exercise is also helpful to get the circulation going; ideally get individual advice. Avoid long periods of standing.